By Gwendolyn Leick

ISBN-10: 020302852X

ISBN-13: 9780203028520

ISBN-10: 0415198119

ISBN-13: 9780415198110

The Dictionary of historic close to japanese Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It includes entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented by way of the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of beginning of major texts and a short historical past in their transmission throughout the a while; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or sorts of mythological figures.

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Example text

The nature of their deformities is difficult to understand. The first seems to have something wrong with his arm, so Enki appoints him to be a certain type of court official. The second being has a ‘tic’—his eyes are constantly blinking; he is to be a singer. The third is crippled, but Enki also finds a ‘good fate’ for him, although we don’t understand what it is. The fourth man has uncontrollable ejaculations and Enki cures him with a ritual bath. The fifth is a barren woman and she is assigned a place in a ‘harem’ (probably a priestly function).

Enki was identified with the Semitic god Ea. In the divine genealogy, Enki/Ea is the offspring of An and Nammu; his wife is Damkina and the most prominent among their children are Marduk and Nanše. His symbols include the goatfish, the tortoise, a ram-headed staff, a ship and a vessel with overflowing water. Ebeling, RLA 2 1932, 374–9; Galter 1981 Enki and Ninhursag Sumerian myth; preserved on UR III and Old Babylonian tablets. It is a highly complex text and various different translations and interpretations have been proposed.

This results in the birth of his ‘twin-brother’, an ox. [gap] Two messengers arrive before El and report that they have found the corpse of Baal. ) The death of Baal is announced in heaven. El comes down from his throne to lament him. 6). When she finds what she considers to be her lover’s dead body, she calls to Šapaš, the sun-goddess, to lift the corpse of Baal on her shoulder in order to bury with him due oblations on Zaphon. Then she proceeds to El, exclaiming bitterly that Aštart and her sons will now rejoice because Baal is dead.

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A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick


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