By Peter Bruce
The seamanship vintage you'll have on-board whilst crusing in tough weather
Adlard Coles' Heavy climate Sailing offers you specialist suggestion for in the event you enterprise out of sight of land, no matter if for racing or cruising. It offers a transparent message of seamanlike layout beneficial properties, arrangements, and strategies so you might examine opposed to the time while it comes directly to blow. It contains new how-to chapters on hurricane sails, taking safeguard, and dealing with multihulls in storms, plus exciting new bills of exact hurricane encounters.
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Additional info for Adlard Coles' Heavy Weather Sailing (6th Edition)
Much of the ozone is located about twenty kilometers above the ground, in a part of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. This is why it's called the "ozone layer". A movie of ozone layer hole The ozone hole is a region of the ozone layer where a significant amount of ozone has been destroyed. In this false-color movie, regions with reduced ozone are shown in purple or blue. Regions with enhanced ozone are shown in red. The ozone hole is generally located over the South Pole where not very many people or animals live - however, planckton in the polar oceans can be harmed, which are the food stuff for many ocean dwellers.
The ionosphere is found above the stratosphere. This layer contains many free electrons and ions, which reflect radio waves. This reflection allows radio waves to travel much farther than they would without the ionosphere. The highest layer of the atmosphere is the exosphere. Here the air is extremely thin and some of the air molecules are lost to space. The many sources of aerosols Aerosols are tiny particles, either solid or liquid, which are suspended in the atmosphere. Aerosols are typically about one micrometer (one-thousandth of a millimeter) in diameter and are found throughout the atmosphere.
The ozone layer acts as a shield to absorb the UV rays, and keep them from doing damage at the Earth's surface. A movie of how ozone is made from oxygen Ozone is made up of ordinary oxygen, just like what we breathe. The only difference is that ozone is made up of three oxygen atoms, while the stuff we breathe (molecular oxygen) is made up of only two atoms. Solar rays high in the atmosphere convert O2 to O3. In the upper atmosphere, rays from the Sun break a normal oxygen molecule into two separate oxygen atoms.
Adlard Coles' Heavy Weather Sailing (6th Edition) by Peter Bruce