By Marshall Clagett

ISBN-10: 0871692147

ISBN-13: 9780871692146

This quantity is a part of Marshall Clagett's three-volume research of a number of the elements of technology of historic Egypt. quantity covers calendars, clocks, and astonomical monuments. inside of each one region of remedy there's a reasonable chronology glaring as advantages a ancient paintings masking 3 millenia of job. contains greater than a hundred illustrations of records and clinical gadgets.

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Additional resources for Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book. Volume Two: Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy

Example text

And obviously more precise-but I think I have seen more deplorable examples of thoughtlessness in modern works whose reputation for accuracy stands deservedly higher than that of the Papyrus Ebers. '. i-nbb (where the sign for -nbb. e.. _. could be a determinative) rather than for "9" lind accordingly he believed the festivals of the first column to be those of twelve successive lunar months beginning with the festival of IVp rnpt (see Fig. 121 But since the hieratic sign. without an accompanying sign 'for _.

Parker gives II hypothetical table of the lengths of 2S successive lunllr years by which he suggests that by accumulative lIveraging from ycar to ycar it will soon be clear that 365 days is the proper length or that by averaging after each year in which the intercalary month was added the SlIme rigure will be evident even aher only 11 years. Parker continues, Thus easily, by either method. could the Egyptians of the protodynllstic period have arrived at 365 days as the proper length for II schematic year which could be adopted for administrative lind economic purposes.

2 below) and, following him closely, Raymond Weill,l9 presented the view that the month names must be distinguished from the eponymous (east days from which they took their names, and that the eponymous feast days were not in their homonymous months but were in fact the culminations of those months and hence took place at the beginnings o( the succeeding months. In this connection Weill (depending on Gardiner. Meyer [see especially Fig. 6a], and Sethe> presents a list. developed hom a number of calendars and calendaric statements dating from a period extending from the Middle Kingdom through the Ptolemaic-Roman epoch, which shows that almost invariably the (east days were celebrated in the months following those to which the feast days gave their names (also see Fig.

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Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book. Volume Two: Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy by Marshall Clagett


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