By Liba Taub

ISBN-10: 0415161967

ISBN-13: 9780415161961

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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77 Others, including Geminus and Ptolemy, emphasized that knowledge of the location in which the astronomer worked was crucial. We do not know the relationship between the so-called ‘Geminus parape¯gma’ and Geminus’ Introduction to the Phenomena, but the Introduction appears to have been written much later. In it, Geminus pointed to the problem of generalizing from place to place when using a parape¯gma. 19) that the same parape¯gma cannot be valid for Rome, Pontus, Rhodes and Alexandria. These cautions make the assertion of the possibility of weather prediction, following careful and skilful observation, all the more striking.

Or, ‘Syrus’ may have simply have been a fictional dedicatee. In any case, it should be acknowledged that the astrometeorology of the Phases fits well with other parts of Ptolemy’s work. It is important to note Ptolemy’s own strong interest in prediction (of weather and of astronomical phenomena), and his acknowledgement that there are limits to what can be achieved. The desire to be able to make predictions, in spite of recognized problems and limitations, was very compelling. 85 He recognized that the determination of fixed-star phases was itself problematic and declined to compute them, noting the difficulties.

According to Eudoxus, unsettled weather. 66 According to Democritus, the sky is turbulent, and the sea generally also. 5. [at] 151⁄2 hours: The star in the western shoulder of Orion rises in the evening. 69 Ptolemy mentions Metrodorus (it is not clear if this is Metrodorus of Chios, fourth century BCE), Konon (first half of third century BCE, teacher of Dositheus), Hipparchus (190–120 BCE) and Caesar (here possibly referring to the work of Sosigenes, c. 70 How did one qualify to be listed in Ptolemy’s parape¯gma?

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Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub

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